Adolescent & Adult Acne
Adolescent acne is a chronic skin disorder starting at puberty when, under the influence of hormonal changes, excessive stimulation of the function of the sebaceous glands and sebum occurs.
Causes of Adolescent Acne
The appearance and development of acne depends on the combination of many factors: seborrhoea, excessive keratosis of hair follicles, skin colonization by Propionibacterium acnes bacteria and the development of inflammatory reaction. The intensification of sebum secretion plays a very important role, especially observed during puberty, which is directly related to changes in the hormonal system and the intensification of activity of sexual and adrenal hormones.
Adolescent Acne Statistics
- It affects 80% of people between 12 and 24 years of age.
- The lesions are located on the face, in the region between the shoulder blades, on the shoulders.
- It occurs with the same frequency in both genders.
- A more severe course of the disease is observed in men.
Adult's acne is a chronic skin disease occurring most often after the age of 25, which is caused by genetic and hormonal factors. Excessive seborrhoea in the hair follicle results in the formation of comedones, first closed - microcysts and then open. Anaerobic bacteria multiply in the hair follicles, leading to an inflammatory reaction.
Causes of Adult Acne
Genetic and hormonal factors that lead to excessive sebum and changes in its composition are responsible for the occurrence of acne in adults. Sebaceous gland dysfunction can be caused by:
- Hormonal changes (5a-reductase type i, corticotropin)
- Polystyrene ovary syndrome
- Use of some drugs, e.g. antidepressants
- Incorrect contraception or interruption of use of contraceptives
Adult Acne Statistics
- The problem most often concerns women, it occurs even in 45% of women over age of 25.
- Changes occur most commonly in the lower jaw area, around the mouth, on the chin, on the jaw line and around the neck.
- Long-term treatment (about a year or more) is typical.
- Treatment is difficult due to frequent irritations caused by acne vulgaris agents.
- It may cause skin lesions and may also exacerbate already existing skin symptoms. Prolonged stress has an impact on the secretion of proinflammatory neuromediators.
THE WOMEN MENSTRUAL CYCLE
- Acne symptoms are exacerbated in the pre-menstrual period.
- Both active and passive.
INCORRECT SELECTION OF COSMETICS AND CARE PRODUCTS
- Select special products for oily and acne-prone skin that are capable of normalizing the composition and amount of sebum produced.
- Avoid highly processed products (coloured, sweet drinks, salty snacks and long-life foods), sweets, in particular chocolate, fried foods, fast foods, excessive salt, spices, alcohol and cigarettes. The leanest dairy products should be chosen from among dairy products. Limit white bread and wheat pasta. Animal fats should be replaced by vegetable fats.
EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT
- Ultraviolet radiation induces an increased keratosis of the hair follicles, which leads to an exacerbation of acne. The adverse effect of the sun is also the formation of pigmentation changes at the site of inflammatory changes.
TOUCHING THE BLEMISHES
- The more you handle spots, the more you will aggravate the inflammation (increase the number and size of pimples), the more likely it is that these spots will become pustular (pimples with pus) and the higher the risk of scars appearing.
WHEN TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST
Do see a dermatologist if your skin doesn't respond to over the counter products. Some forms of acne ( those quiet red and inflamed and filled with pus or cystic) require stronger medications. A dermatologist can prescribe stronger topical and/or oral prescription to strength the acne treatment.